|Test Panels||Sample Collection Devices|
|Copan Diagnostics ESwab™ Sample Collection and Delivery System Kit with Minitip Swab, Sampling Eyes, Ears, Nasal Passages, Nasopharynx, Throat, Urogenital Tract; Pediatric Sample Collection|
|Greiner Bio-One™ Urine Collection Beaker, Sterile with Integrated Transfer Device, 100mL
Greiner Bio-One™ VACUETTE™ Urine CCM Tubes, Non-ridged, Yellow cap; Black ring, 4.0mL, Round Bottom, Sterile
|Toxicology Screening or Confirmation||Any urine cups or 4.0mL tubes|
a.) Collecting an Oropharyngeal Swab. Have the patient sit with head tilted slightly backward. Insert swab into the posterior pharynx and tonsillar areas. Rub the swab over both tonsillar pillars and the posterior oropharynx. Avoid touching the tongue, teeth, and gums.
b.) Collecting a Nasopharyngeal Swab. Have the patient sit with head tilted slightly backward. Insert flexible swab through the nares parallel to the palate (not upwards) until resistance is encountered or the distance is equivalent to that from the ear to the nostril of the patient indicates contact with the nasopharynx. Gently rub and roll the swab. Leave the swab in place for several seconds to absorb secretions before removing.
To accurately diagnose genital infections, proper specimen collection should focus on the patient’s symptoms.
The preferred specimen collection methods for females with a vaginal STI infection are
For males, the preferred specimen collection is a swab of the urethra. The use of a properly collected urine specimen may also be acceptable as an alternate method. When there is sufficient exudative material visible upon examination, a urine specimen that flows over the external genitalia may capture the exudate. Clean catch urine samples are not recommended for STI testing.
The clean-catch method is used to prevent microbes from getting into a urine sample. If possible, collect the sample when urine has been in the bladder for 2 to 3 hours. A special cup (which includes a lid and wipes) is used to collect the urine.
The preferred specimen collection methods for testing vaginal microflora is a vaginal swab collecting as much visible exudate as possible.
Collection from female patients
Place oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs immediately into a sterile vial containing transport medium. If two samples are collected from the same patient, both swabs can be placed in the same vial. Aseptically, cut or break applicator sticks off near the tip to permit tightening of the cap. Label the vial with the patients first and last name, date of birth, the date and time the sample was collected, and the specimen type. Additional comments may also be added.